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Self-Assessment Answers for Section 1: Anatomy and Physiology of Common Sports and Overuse Injuries
1 . While running on a hiking trail, you sprain your ankle. Which of the following is the best treatment within the first 24 hours?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2 . The axis, which allows the head to rotate, is which cervical vertebra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3 . A 20-year-old patient who reports waking up with a very stiff neck but cannot recall any specific injury to the neck most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4 . Disk herniation is most likely to occur in which segment of the spine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5 . Irritation of the iliotibial band can cause pain in the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6 . Which motion is most likely to be associated with lateral epicondylitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7 . Which type of injury is more prone to recurrence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8 . Which ligament is least likely to be involved in an ankle sprain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9 . Which of the following patients is most likely to suffer from frozen shoulder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10 . Surgery might be recommended for pain caused by what type of condition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 2: Cultural Competency
11 . Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY to explain the higher rates of diabetes among racial and ethnic minorities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12 . Which of the following statements is correct regarding race and culture with respect to the medical interview?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13 . The language of stereotyping arises from all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14 . Which is correct about using pattern recognition for medical decision-making about patients or populations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15 . In accurately evaluating personal performance for giving quality healthcare, the best question a physician might ask her or himself is whether she/he:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16 . The L-E-A-R-N, ETHNIC and Kleinman models of cross cultural communication have all the following in common EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17 . Which of the following is correct about creating cultural effectiveness in the health system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18 . According to available studies, which one of the following is least likely to be a reason for under-utilization of professional interpreters for LEP patients in health care settings?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19 . Which one of the following types of language interpreting is likely to be associated with the lowest patient satisfaction by LEP patients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20 . When interviewing or counseling a non-English-speaking patient through an interpreter, which one of the following techniques is most useful for verifying patient understanding of what is said?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 3: Ethics: A Roadmap
21 . All of the following are fiduciaries to patients under care except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22 . Which of the following sources of ethical obligations uniquely addresses patient privacy rights in federal public care settings?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23 . In a conflict between federal constitutional and customary practice privacy standards, which prevails?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24 . What standard of proof is applicable in licensing board adverse administrative actions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25 . The Cruzan legal-ethics case dealt with which biomedical ethical principle(s)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26 . Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants have the greatest interface with which legal entities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27 . All of the following are fundamental biomedical ethical principles except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28 . Core values:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29 . Physical therapist assistants are prohibited by Standard 4E of the Standards of Conduct for the Physical Therapist Assistant from engaging in sexual relations with all except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30 . The legal privilege to practice as a licensed physical therapist or assistant is most affected by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 4: Physical Therapy Claims Study
31 . The purpose of healthcare Professional Acts is all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32 . In some states, physical therapy may include healthcare activities that fall outside the scope of physical rehabilitation, such activities include all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33 . Using the ultimate average paid indemnity as the measure of severity, the projected average paid indemnity has increased approximately ____ % per year based on a statistical regression.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34 . The most severe closed claims occurred in _____ with an average indemnity of $76,215.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35 . The majority of claims occurred at ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36 . Which of the following injuries was the cause of the most open and closed claims:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37 . What percent of primary allegations were due to failure to supervise treatment or a procedure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38 . How many open and closed claims in primary allegation were due to improper technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39 . Which of the following is the least severe claim filed against a physical therapist?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40 . When communicating with a patient you should do all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 5: OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens
41 . Which of the following statements is true regarding the Exposure Control Plan (ECP)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42 . In Dr. Johnson’s office, many physical therapists do not have routine occupational exposure to blood. Therefore, “physical therapist” in this instance would fall into which exposure category?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43 . Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment (PPC):
A.
B.
C.
D.
44 . Which of the following antigens is the marker for current infection in patients with either acute or chronic hepatitis B infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45 . Which one of the following statements is true regarding diagnostic tests for Hepatitis C infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 6: Therapeutic Strategies in Osteogenesis Imperfecta
46 . Physical Therapist can help people with OI maximize strength and overcome functional limitations by teaching them about all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47 . All classification types of OI have structurally abnormal Collagen except for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48 . When a person with OI fears movement and trying new skills, a therapist can suggest all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49 . When handling children or adults with OI never ______ a limb.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50 . When using protective positioning, position changing helps in all of the following ways except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 7: Working with Patients with Health Problems
51 . All of the following statements about osteoarthritis are true EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52 . For a woman who has had radiation for breast cancer, all of the following increase her risk of developing lymphedema EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53 . Which of the following medications is most effective for treating fibromyalgia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54 . Parkinson’s disease is caused by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55 . Slowness of movement is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 8: Horizontal Violence in Health Care Organizations: Why Peers Bully Peers
56 . Horizontal violence is generally committed by managers against their subordinates.
A.
B.
57 . Persons who ignore HV are just as guilty of aggression as those who actually commit this type of aggression.
A.
B.
58 . Oppression theory as a cause of HV is most often linked to the discipline of physical therapy.
A.
B.
59 . If a person experiences PTSD as a result of HV, the symptoms of PTSD end as soon as the victim finds another job.
A.
B.
60 . The most important strategy to combat HV is to deal with the problem the first time it occurs.
A.
B.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 9: Prevention of Medical Errors
61 . Using the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) most conservative estimate of 44,000 deaths per year, medical errors rank as the______ leading cause of death among Americans.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62 . 62. Research cited in Section I documents that the rate of health care errors is_________ than the error rate in other industries.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63 . The IOM report notes that the majority of medical errors are produced by which of the following factors?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64 . According to the Harvard Medical Practices Study cited in Section I, which class of agents was most commonly associated with adverse drug events?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65 . Root cause analysis focuses primarily upon which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 10: Dealing with the Angry Patient/Family Member: Strategies for Reducing the Rise of Workplace Violence
66 . Workplace violence is responsible for about 900 deaths every year in the U.S.
A.
B.
67 . There is a consistent definition of workplace violence, according to the Joint Commission.
A.
B.
68 . Recent studies show that patients with AUD are likely to become less aggressive as they withdraw from alcohol.
A.
B.
69 . Staff members should have input into the development of workplace violence policies and procedures.
A.
B.
70 . Education on workplace violence prevention should be part of the orientation of every new employee.
A.
B.
Informed