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Self-Assessment Answers for Section 1: Ethics: A Roadmap
1 . Which of the following sources of ethical obligations uniquely addresses patient privacy rights in federal public care settings?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2 . The Cruzan legal-ethics case dealt with which biomedical ethical principle(s)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3 . Physical therapists and physical therapist assistants have the greatest interface with which legal entities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4 . Core values:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5 . The legal privilege to practice as a licensed physical therapist or assistant is most affected by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 2: Anatomy and Physiology of Common Sports and Oversue Injuries
6 . While running on a hiking trail, you sprain your ankle. Which of the following is the best treatment within the first 24 hours?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7 . A 20-year-old patient who reports waking up with a very stiff neck but cannot recall any specific injury to the neck most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8 . Disk herniation is most likely to occur in which segment of the spine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9 . Which motion is most likely to be associated with lateral epicondylitis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10 . Which ligament is least likely to be involved in an ankle sprain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 3: Cultural Competency
11 . Which of the following is least likely to explain the higher rates of diabetes among racial and ethnic minorities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12 . Which of the following statements is correct about race and culture with respect to the medical interview?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13 . The language of stereotyping arises from all of the following except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14 . Which is correct about using pattern recognition for medical decision-making about patients or populations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15 . In accurately evaluating personal performance for giving quality health care, the best question a physician might ask her or himself is whether she/he:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16 . The L-E-A-R-N, ETHNIC and Kleinman models of cross-cultural communication have all the following in common except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17 . Which of the following is correct about creating cultural effectiveness in the health system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18 . According to available studies, which one of the following is least likely to be a reason for under-utilization of professional interpreters for LEP patients in health care settings?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19 . Which one of the following types of language interpreting is likely to be associated with the lowest patient satisfaction by LEP patients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20 . When interviewing or counseling a non-English-speaking patient through an interpreter, which one of the following techniques is most useful for verifying patient understanding of what is said?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 4: Health Information Technology: The Future is Now
21 . Health information technology is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22 . The process for certifying electronic health record technology was established by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23 . What is the first step in implementing an electronic health record system in a small medical practice?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24 . Using the “_____________” system for setting goals helps ensure they are reasonable and attainable.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25 . ________________ within the Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for enforcement of the HIPAA Security Rule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26 . Which of the following is a physical safeguard required by the HIPAA Security Rule to ensure the protection of e-PHI?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27 . Which of the following is not a possible symptom that a computer is infected with a virus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28 . _______________ is defined by the Medicare Part D prescription drug program as the transmission, using electronic media, of prescription or prescription-related information between a prescriber, dispenser, pharmacy benefit manager, or health plan.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29 . ___________________are defined as confidential, population-based, computerized databases that record all immunization doses administered by participating providers to persons residing within a given geopolitical area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30 . ________________ authorized the Department of Health and Human Services to offer grants to states to establish and improve prescription drug monitoring programs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 5: Management of Acute Injuries and Pain Management
31 . An injury is considered acute from the onset of the injury up to _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32 . What may be helpful in detecting the strains of the affected muscle/muscle group?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33 . Which of the following pain scales is considered to be a gold standard of measuring pain in intubated patients in intensive care units?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34 . Massage consists of methods such as stroking, kneading and_____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35 . What is the name of the front line which anteriorly extends from the top of the head to the mouth and from the chin to the base of the trunk in acupuncture?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 6: Pilates for Lumbar and Pelvic Stability
36 . Pilates, as described by its founder Joseph Pilates is “a complete coordination of body, _____, and spirit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37 . Ultrasound imaging demonstrated asymmetric recruitment of which muscles during functional reaching tasks in individuals with low back pain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38 . Using surface EMG, researchers demonstrated that the swimming exercise activated which muscle group more than other similar exercises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39 . Direction-specific exercise is the prescription of exercises based upon the _______and _____findings regarding spine position (flexion or extension) that reduces patient symptoms.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40 . Which verbal cue would be most appropriate to support the principle of rib cage placement during stability exercises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41 . Prior to progressing to Breast Stroke Prep with hands by hips, the patient should demonstrate control during which of the following phases?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42 . Which of the following is an appropriate modification for a patient who is struggling with scapular or core stabilization during the Roll Up exercise?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43 . Disc issues are an absolute contraindication for which of the following exercises?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44 . Spine Stretch Forward emphasizes which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45 . The Pilates push up requires the performer to begin in which position?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 7: Stopping the Spread of MRSA
46 . Which of the following is not a typical characteristic of aMRSA skin infection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47 . Which of the following is NOT included in the standard precaution guidelines?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48 . Which of the following is the first step in proper hand washing technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49 . Alcohol-based hand sanitizers work best when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50 . Which of the following is NOT something employees can do to prevent the spread of MRSA to others from their own skin infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Self-Assessment Answers for Section 8: Total Rehabilitation of the Hip and Knee
51 . During the initial evaluation of a new patient, which of the following is reason to refer the patient back to their physician immediately?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52 . In addition to exercise, which of the following treatments is an important evidence-based component shown to be effective in the treatment of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53 . Precautions to avoid hip dislocation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) include all of the following, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54 . Patients with limb length discrepancy will benefit from a ________or in-shoe orthotic to balance the pelvis and promote efficient ambulation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55 . Which of the following diagnoses involves the capital femoral epiphysis displacing through the physeal plate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56 . Which of the following is a risk factor for sustaining hamstring strain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57 . Which of the following tests for ACL stability holds the highest sensitivity value, and is thus considered the most reliable manual test?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58 . Why are radiograph films often ordered when there is high suspicion of MCL tear?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59 . Which of the following is considered the gold standard for identification of knee osteoarthritis (OA)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60 . For the treatment of knee OA, evidence supports the use of clinically supervised exercise therapy and which other treatment technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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